Jul 26, 2015



早、午、晚要用 in;at 黎明、午夜、点与分。

年、月、年月、季节、周,阳光、灯、影、衣、帽 in。


将来时态 in ... 以后,小处 at 大处 in。


有形 with 无形 by,语言、单位、材料 in。


特征、方面与方式,心情成语惯用 in。


介词 at 和 to 表方向,攻击、位置、恶、善分。

早、午、晚要用 in

例:in the morning 在早上

in the afternoon 在下午

in the evening 在晚上

in the day 在白天

at 黎明、午、夜、点与分

例: at dawn, at daybreak 在黎明时候

at noon 在中午

at night 在夜间

at midnight 在午夜   


at six o'clock 在6点钟

at 7:30 (seven thirty) 在7点半

at half past eleven 在11点半

at nine fifteen 在9点15 分

at ten thirty a.m. 在上午10点30分也可以写成 seven to five 

five minutes after two 2点过5分

at a quarter to two 1点45分

at the weekend 在周末

年、月、年月、季节、周   即在“某年”,在“某月”,在“某年某月” (但在某年某月某日则用 on),在四季,在第几周等都要用 in。

例:in 1986 在1986 年

in 1927 在1927 年

in April 在四月

in March 在三月

in December, 1986 1986年12月

in July, l983 1983年7月

in spring 在春季 in summer 在夏季

in autumn 在秋季 in winter 在冬季

in the fist week of this semester 这学期的第一周

in the third week 在第三周

阳光、灯、影、衣、冒 in,即在阳光下,在灯下,在树阴下,穿衣、
着装、冒雨等都要用 in。

例:Don't read in dim light. 切勿在暗淡的灯光下看书。

They are reviewing their lessons in the bright light. 他们

They are sitting in the shade of a tree. 他们坐在树阴下乘

a prisoner in irons 带着镣铐的囚犯

He went in the rain to meet me at the station. 他冒雨到车

The poor dressed (clothed) in rags in old society. 旧社会穷

以及:in the bright sunlight 在明亮的阳光下

a merchant in disguise 乔装的商人

the woman in white (black, red, yellow) 穿着白(黑、红、黄)色

in uniform 穿着制服

in mourning 穿着丧服

in brown shoes 穿着棕色鞋

in his shirt sleeves 穿着衬衫

将来时态 in … 以后

例: They will come back in 10 days. 他们将10天以后回来。

I'll come round in a day or two. 我一两天就回来。

We'll be back in no time. 我们一会儿就回来。

Come and see me in two days' time. 两天后来看我。(从现在

After … (从过去开始)

小处 at 大处 in

例:Li and I arrived at Heishan county safe and sound, all 
is well. Don't worry.


I live in a great city (big city), my sister lives at a small 
town while my parents live at a village.我住在大城市,我姐姐住在一个小城镇,而我的父母则住在农村。

I'm in Liaoning, at Anshan. 我住在辽宁省鞍山市.

有形 with 无形 by,语言、单位、材料 in

例:The workers are paving a road with stone. 工人们正用石子铺路。(有形)

The teacher is correcting the paper with a new pen. 这位教师正用一支新笔批改论文。(有形)

“Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy”is a good opera. <<智取威虎山>>是—出好戏。(无形)

The product is separated by distillation into gasoline and gas oil. 这种产品是用蒸馏分离出汽油和粗柴油。(表示方式、手段、方法——无形)

I really can't express my idea in English freely in-deed.
我确实不能用英语流利地表达我的思想。(表示某种语言用 in)

I wrote a novel in Russian. 我用俄语写了一本小说。(同上)

The kilometer is the biggest unit of length in the metric system.
公里是米制中最长的长度单位。(表示度、量、衡单位的用 in )

The length is measured in meter, kilometre, and

This board was cast in bronze not in gold. 这个牌匾是铜铸的,不是金铸的。

特征、方面与方式、心情、成语惯用 in


例: The Democratic Party was then in power. 那时民主党执政。

They found the patient in a coma. 他们发现病人处于昏迷状态。

He has not been in good health for some years. 他几年来身体一直不好。

Many who came in despair went away in hope. 许多人带着绝望情绪而来,却满怀希望而去。

The house was in ruins. 这房屋成了废墟。

The poor girl was in tears. 这个贫苦女孩泪流满面。

Her clothes were in rags. 她的衣服穿破了。

His shoes were in holes. 他的鞋穿出窟窿了。

I only said it in fun. 我说这话只是开玩笑的。

She spoke in grief rather than in anger. 与其说她讲得很气愤,不如说她讲得很伤心。

还有一些短语也用 in,如:

in jest 诙谐地,in joke 开玩笑地,in spite 恶意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 报复, in mercy 宽大,in sorrow 伤心地等。

His mind was in great confusion. 他脑子里很乱。

Today everybody is in high spirits and no one is in low ebb.

She and her classmates are in flower ages. 她和她的同学都正值妙龄。

The campaign was in full swing. 运动正值高潮中。


例:We accepted the item in principle. 我们在原则上接受了这个条款。

They are never backward in giving their views. 他们从来不怕发表自己的意见。

The backward area has achieved self-sufficient in grain.

A good teacher must be an example in study. 一个好的教师必须是学习的模范。


例:All the speeches were taken down in shorthand. 所有报告都用速记记录下来了。

The Party has always educated us in the spirit of patriotism and internationalism.


如下成语惯用 in

例:in all 总计

in advance 事前

in the meantime 与此同时

in place 适当地

in hopes of(或 in the hope of) 怀着……希望

in connection with 和……有关

in contact with 和……联系

in addition to 除……以外

in case of 倘若,万一

in conflict with 和……冲突

in force 有效的,大批

in depth 彻底地

in regard to 关于

in the neighborhood of 大约、邻近

in retrospect 回顾,一想起

in behalf of 代表……利益

in the least 一点,丝毫

in alarm 惊慌、担心

in the opinion of 据……见解

in the long run 从长远说来

in one's opinion 在……看来

in word 口头上

in a word 总之

in vain 无益地, 白白地

in case 如果,万一,以防

in detail 详细地

in haste 急急忙忙地

in conclusion 总之

in spite of 尽管

in other words … 换句话说

in return 作为回报

in the name of 以……名义

be confident in 对……有信心

be interested in 对……感兴趣

in doubt 怀疑

in love 恋爱中

in debt 负债

in fun (jest、joke) 玩笑地

in hesitation 犹豫不决

in wonder 在惊奇中

in public (secret) 公开他(秘密地)

in a good humour 心情(情绪)好

“介词 at、to 表方向,攻击、位置、善、恶、分”

介词 at 和 to 都可以表示方向; 用 at 表示方向时,侧重于攻击的目标,往往表示恶意;用to 表示方向时,突出运动的位置或动作的对象,侧重表示善意。


1. A.She came at me. 她向我扑过来。
B.She came to me. 她向我走过来。

2.A.Jake ran at John. 杰克向约翰扑过去。
B.Jake ran to John. 杰克朝约翰跑去。

3.A. He rushed at the woman with a sword. 他拿着剑向那妇女扑过去。
B. He rushed to the woman with a sword. 他带着剑向那妇女跑过去。

4.A.He shouted at the old man. 他大声喝斥那老人。
B. He shouted to the old man. 他大声向那老人说。

5.A.I heard her muttering at Xiao Li. 我听见她在抱怨小李。
B.I heard her muttering to Xiao Li. 我听见她在同小李低声说话。

6.A. She talked at you just now. 她刚才还说你坏话呢。
B.She talked to you just now. 她刚才还同你谈话呢.

7.A.She threw a bone at the dog. 她用一块骨头砸狗。
B.She threw a bone to the dog. 她把一块骨头扔给狗吃。

8.A.He presented a pistol at me. 他用手枪对着我。
B.He presented a pistol to me. 他赠送我一支手枪。  

日子、日期、年月日,星期加上早午晚; 以下皆用 on。

例: on October the first 1949 1949年10月1日

on February the thirteenth l893 1893年2月13日

on May the first 5月1日

on the first 1号

on the sixteenth 16号

on the second of January 或 on January the second 1月2日
on a summer evening 在夏天的一个夜晚

on Boxing Day 在节礼日(圣诞节次日)

on New Year's Day 在元旦

on my birthday 在我的生日

on winter day 在冬天
on December 12th 1950 l950年12月12日

on Sunday 在星期天

on Monday 在星期一

on Tuesday morning 星期二早晨

on Saturday afternoon 星期六下午

on Friday evening 星期五晚上

但 last night 昨夜;in the evening 在晚上; on time 准时,in time 及时,等则不同。

年月日,加早午晚,of 之前 on 代 in

例:on the morning of 18th 18日早晨

on the evening of 4th 4日晚上

On the eve of their departure they gave a farewell 
banquet and their head gave a farewell speech. 他们在临行前夕举行了一次告别宴会,他们的团长发表了告别讲话。

收音、农场,值日 on

例:Did your supervisor like the story over (or on) the radio last night?

I heard the news over (or on) the radio. 我从收音机里听到了这一条消息。

talk over the radio 由无线电播音

on TV 从电视里……

hear something on the wireless 在无线电里听到

My brother works on an Army reclamation farm. 我哥哥在一个军垦农场工作。

The students are working on a school farm. 学生们正在校办农场劳动。

This is a farmer's house on a farm. 这是农场的农舍。

Who is on duty, today? 今天谁值日?

We go on duty at 8 a.m. 我们上午8点钟上班。


例: This afternoon we are going to listen to a report on the international situation.

Professor Shen will give us a talk on traveling in America.

You are wrong on all these issues. 在这些问题上你的看法都错了。

The belief is based on practical experience. 这种信念是以实际经验为基础的。

Theory must be based on practice. 理论必须以实践为基础。

The people in the south live on rice. 南方人主食大米。(靠)

The citizens live on their salaries. 城市人靠薪金生活。

You can't afford luxuries, on an income of 100 yuan a 
靠月薪100 元的收入,你是买不起奢侈品的。

Her pet dogs were fed on the choicest food. 她用精饲料喂养她心爱的狗。

He is just a scrounger, who lives on other people. 他正是一个小偷,专靠损害别人过日子。

Keep the kettle on the boil (=boiling). 让水壶的水一直开着。

The enemy are on the run (=running). 敌人在逃跑。

“This lunch is on me.”“这顿午饭我付钱。”

“No. let's go Dutch.”“不,还是各付各的。”